Dr. Gilbert received his M.D. and Ph.D. from Harvard Medical School, where he held an academic appointment until he joined The Rockefeller University in 1983 as an assistant professor; he is now head of the Laboratory of Neurobiology at Rockefeller. Dr. Gilbert received the Rita Allen Scholar award in 1986 and subsequently became associate professor and professor at Rockefeller. In 2004, he was named Arthur and Janet Ross Professor. A member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, he has received numerous awards, including the W. Alden Spencer Award from the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons and the Edward M. Scolnick Prize in Neuroscience from the McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT.